PHE 321 Milestone Two
Overview: In this module, you learned about the relationship between age and the risk of developing disease, the role of immunizations in disease prevention, and the primary, secondary, and tertiary strategies for addressing and treating disease. Based on what you have learned thus far in the course, you should have a good understanding of the risk factors for disease, as well as disease progression, modes of transmission, incidence, and prevalence.
For this assignment, you will write a short paper on the disease you chose for the final project. In this paper, you will identify the risk factors for your disease and its progression, modes of transmission, incidence, and prevalence.
Prompt: Write a short paper identifying the risk factors for the disease you chose for your final project. In addition, discuss its progression, modes of transmission, and its incidence and prevalence.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
- Disease Progression: Describe how the disease develops in the human body. Consider how the disease starts as well as the process the disease goes through as it progresses.
- Risk Factors: Explain the major risk factors for contracting or developing the disease, supporting your explanation with research.
- Modes of Transmission: Discuss whether the disease is chronic or infectious and how it is transmitted from individual to individual.
- Incidence: Determine the incidence of the disease in the United States, supporting your claim with data. In your research, you will investigate how often individuals contract or develop the disease.
- Prevalence: Determine how prevalent the disease is in the United States, supporting your claim with data.
Rubric Guidelines for Submission: Your short paper should be a 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document (not including the cover page and references) with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least three sources cited in APA format.
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Sample to Quide the Writing of PHE 321 Milestone Two
Sample Disease/ –Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic illness that affects how the body processes glucose, a kind of sugar, and is characterized by persistently increased blood glucose levels. Millions of individuals worldwide are affected by the condition, which can lead to major health concerns and consequences if not adequately handled.
Diabetes can be diagnosed gradually, with no symptoms at first. High amounts of glucose in the blood can induce organ damage and consequences such as neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and others over time. Diabetes is divided into two types: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes develops when the body’s immune system assaults and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, resulting in a complete lack of insulin. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body develops insulin resistance or when the pancreas fails to generate enough insulin to meet the body’s needs.
Genetics, obesity, physical inactivity, a poor diet, age, a family history of diabetes, and prediabetes are all key risk factors for getting diabetes. People who have a higher BMI and lead a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders are also more likely to be affected.
Diabetes is not an infectious disease and hence cannot be passed from person to person. It is a chronic metabolic condition that can be inherited or developed as a result of lifestyle decisions and risk factors.
Diabetes has a high incidence in the United States, affecting more than 30 million individuals, or 9.4% of the population. The number of diabetics continues to rise, and the condition is becoming more common in younger age groups.
Diabetes is projected to affect approximately 34 million individuals in the United States or 10.5% of the population. Diabetes is growing more frequent, and the number of people with the condition is predicted to climb in the coming years as a result of an ageing population, rising obesity rates, and other lifestyle variables.
To summarize, diabetes is a major and growing health issue that affects millions of individuals worldwide. Understanding the risk factors, mechanisms of transmission, progression, and prevalence of diabetes are critical for developing effective prevention and management methods.