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2nd Posts

2nd Posts

In your own words respond to the two posts. Minimum of 300 words each with a turnitin report of zero percent plagiarism.

1.  Discussiooon One

A literature review is the methodology by which a researcher is reviewing information pertinent to their study (Babbie, 2015). This is first accomplished by surrounding oneself with key concepts upon which the study is based. Exploring pieces such as research assignments journal articles, credible and recent surveys, and scholarly works like reports and books provide researchers with foundational information to establish the beginnings of their own erudite evaluations. By using a process similar to snowball sampling, a method in which one interviewed individual may lead to another and so on, one may do the same with texts in literature review. When a researcher addresses one scholarly work, the purpose is to dig deep into the core knowledge which the writer presented for others to review and use key points and concepts for their own inquiries. In doing so, a researcher may travel an academic rabbit hole of references jumping from one text to another. This allows the researcher to develop an authentic grasp on subject matter and transcribe their own inquiry (Babbie, 2015).

                For example, for my research assignment in this course, I am evaluating the impact of legislation on status offending by reviewing the effects of Tobacco 21 legislation since 2019. When drafting my Problem Identification assignment last week, I was inadvertently using this same rendition of the snowball sampling technique in my own research. In preparation for my Literature Review assignment, I have begun to compile a miniature library of reference material to further review. I have stumbled across, and I do not use that term lightly, two published analyses on juvenile tobacco use both before and after Tobacco 21 legislation (Abouk et al., 2023; Bryan et al., 2020), a federally reported document presenting juvenile court statistics from 2019 (Hockenberry & Puzzanchera, 2021), and plenty more! Each of these sources I located mostly be happenstance when reviewing the cited sources in other respective documents on the subject. Their contribution to my own literature review will present me with credible and relevant information to use in the assignments throughout this course.   


Abouk, R., De, P., & Pesko, M. (2023). Estimating the effects of Tobacco-21 on youth tobacco use and sales. In SSRN (R01DA045016). National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). 

Babbie, E. (2015). The practice of social research (14th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Bryan, C., Hansen, B., McNichols, D., & Sabia, J. (2020). Do state Tobacco 21 laws work? In National Bureau of Economic Research (No. 28173). National Bureau of Economic Research.

Hockenberry, S., & Puzzanchera, C. (2021). Juvenile court statistics 2019. In Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (No. 0091–3278). National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ). https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/njcda/pdf/jcs2019.pdf

2.  Discussiooon two

A literature review’s objective is to gather current, pertinent research on the subject of your choice and to synthesize it into a comprehensive overview of the body of knowledge in the area. This therefore equips you to present your own case or carry out independent study on the subject. Reviews of the available literature serve as an essential starting point for all kinds of study. They can give proof of an impact, set standards for policy and practice, serve as a foundation for knowledge growth, and, if done correctly, have the potential to spark new ideas and directions for a specific subject.

The type of literature accepted to enhance an effective study are : (Sheppard, n.d.)

  1. Peer reviewed journal articles- A document that has been submitted to a scientific journal, been accepted, and published is known as a peer reviewed journal article. Journal articles submitted for peer review go through a rigorous, blind review procedure.
  2. Edited academic books- A compilation of scholarly research articles produced by several writers makes up an edited academic book.
  3. Articles in professional journals-Aarticles from scholarly publications in your literature review.
  4. Statistical data from government websites-Statistical data may be found on government websites


Sheppard, V. (n.d.). 5.3 Acceptable sources for literature reviews – Research Methods for the Social Sciences: An Introduction. 5.3 Acceptable Sources for Literature Reviews – Research Methods for the Social Sciences: An Introduction. https://pressbooks.bccampus.ca/jibcresearchmethods/chapter/5-3-acceptable-sources-for-literature-reviews/#:~:text=Peer%20reviewed%20journal%20articles.,Statistical%20data%20from%20government%20websites.